Elections

​Whanganui District Councillors want to hear from you before they decide whether to change the electoral system for the local body elections in 2019 and 2022. The two options are First Past the Post (FFP) and Single Transferable Vote (STV).

Casting your vote und​​er First Past the P​ost (FFP)

When you vote in an FPP election you tick the name of the candidate you most prefer. When the votes are counted, the candidate with the most votes is elected. This also applies if there is more than one vacancy. If there are vacancies for three councillors, for example, you can vote for up to three candidates. When the votes are counted, the three candidates with the highest numbers of votes are elected. 

This is a typical voting form for a local authority election held under the First Past the Post method.​

 

Casting your vote under Single Transferable Vote (STV)

When you vote in an STV election, you rank the candidates in your order of preference. You write “1” next to the name of the candidate you most prefer, “2” next to your second choice, and so on. This process is the same whether there is one vacancy or several.

When votes are counted, all the first preferences (the “1”s) are allocated first. To be elected a candidate must reach a “quota” of votes, which is based on the number of vacancies and the number of valid votes. The following table shows how the quota is set:

Number of vacanciesVotes needed to reach the quota
​1 vacancy​Half the votes, plus a fraction of a vote
​2 vacancies​A third of the votes, plus a fraction of a vote
​A quarter of the votes, plus a fraction of a vote
​and so on...

A candidate who reaches the quota is elected. If there is more than one vacancy and a candidate gets more votes than the quota, a proportion of each vote for that candidate is transferred to the voter’s second preference. If this results in another candidate getting more votes than the quota, a proportion is transferred to the third preference, and so on.

If insufficient candidates reach the quota after the first preferences are allocated, and after any surplus votes are transferred, then the candidate who received the fewest votes is eliminated and each vote for that candidate is transferred to the voter’s second preference. This process is repeated until enough candidates reach the quota to fill all the vacancies.  

This is a typical voting form for a local authority election held under the Single Transferable Vote method.​


(Content supplied by the Department of Internal Affairs) 

How votes are counted under Single Transferable Vote


www.stv.govt.nz

The last Local Body Elections were held on 8 October 2016.​​

View the election results →​​​​

View all c​​​andidate​ profiles →​​

Page reviewed: 31 Aug 2017 4:22pm